Andreas Rupprecht and Tom Cooper. A Threat or a Challenge: By applying lessons learned from its military actions against U.
Bombardier cadets in training with ATs at Kirtland, Albuquerque AAB Station photo, April Bombardier graduation ceremony With the departure of the 19th Bombardment Group from Albuquerque Army Air Base in the fall ofMajor General Arnold moved the military's bombardier school from Louisiana to Albuquerque for two reasons—good weather and the availability of vacant land on which to build bombing ranges.
The director of the school, Colonel John P. Ryan, was praised for rapidly organizing the nation's first permanent bombardier training school. Instructors, maintenance personnel, and cadets arrived so quickly that base operations such as engineering and supply had to be operated out of pyramidal tents lacking heat and protection from blowing sand.
Other problems included lack of aircraft parking space and adequate lighting near the aircraft parking ramp. New construction projects began early inadding offices and housing quarters, ordnance storage, a photography lab, flightline buildings, and maintenance hangars.
The base undertook paving and lighting of aircraft parking spaces, and scheduled the building of additional runways and taxiways. By Januarythere were 50 aircraft on base, in addition to 28 BA Bolo bombers used for training.
Eventually, about ATs served the school. Trainees were required to hit their targets during at least 22 percent of their drops. Practice combat flying missions required continuous evasive action within a mile radius of the intended target.
The final approach was required to be straight, level and taking no longer than 60 seconds. The bombardier's job was to feed the bombsight the needed information, air speed, wind speed, wind direction, altitude, and the angle of drift. As the aircraft approached the target, the pilot turned the aircraft over to the bombardier and the Norden bombsightwhich was also an automatic pilot that flew the aircraft as bombs were released over the target.
Classroom instruction at the Albuquerque base was held at night and training missions were flown during the day to bombsights around Albuquerque. Servicemen and WPA workers were tasked with laying out bombing ranges for training. These were located west and southwest of Albuquerque, including a major range located between the neighboring village, Los Lunas and the Rio Puerco.
Contracts for day and night bombing targets on the ranges were let during Januaryand access roads to the targets were constructed. Bomb ranges numbered 2, square miles on ranch and Indian reservation land by the end of At that time, a total of 24 targets, simulated cities and warships, were in use on the ranges.
The elimination rate for trainees was 12 percent, and upon graduation, a new bombardier was transferred to an operational training unit and trained for overseas duty. Albuquerque was an operational training facility, and the first class of 61 bombardiers from the Albuquerque base school graduated 7 March ByAlbuquerque's flying training field had turned out 5, bombardiers and 1, regular pilots for the B bomber alone.
The 51st class to complete the bombardier training course included bombardiers. Chiang Kai-shek pilots and bombardiers received training from Kirtland Field instructors. And film actor Jimmy Stewart was stationed at Kirtland Field briefly, beginning in Augustassisting bombardier cadet training by flying bombers on training missions.
The new command, the Air Training Commandbecame responsible for all training from classification center through pilot and technical schools.
InKirtland Field facilities expanded to support existing bombardier training plus other training missions. This expansion was the result of the merging of the two training commands. The center served as a temporary training area for glider pilots awaiting vacancies at glider schools.
The Army Air Forces glider-training program had expanded, and prior flight training was eliminated as a necessary qualification for candidates. On 30 June, the War Department opened the program to any man between 18 and 36 who could meet the physical and mental requirements, including civilians as well as officers and enlisted men.
A WAAC open house for the new post was held in August and several hundred men with their wives and families attended.Discussion about China's military modernization has included little comparative analysis of Chinese and U.S. military capabilities.
This brief focuses on improvements to China's ability to contest U.S. air superiority in an Asian conflict. The top priorities of the United States Air Force for are taking care of our people and keeping our modernization program on track.
Our modernization program will provide the requisite capabilities to underwrite a new American way of war into the next century. Start studying Strategy and Warefare. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
we must sustain the Air Force's balanced, affordable and time-phased modernization program and keep it well supported.
Dissastifaction started discussion about . Air Force Secretary Heather Wilson speaks to the audience at the National Academy of Sciences in January. Wilson is among the keynote speakers for the Defense News Conference Sept.
5. A soldier from 2nd Brigade, 1st Armored Division uses a Handheld, Manpack, and Small Form Fit Manpack radio to communicate while conducting dismounted operations at the Army's Network Integration Evaluation on Nov. 9, CARLISLE, Pa. (Army News Service, Aug. 27, ) -- Army War College, or USAWC, students began research, Aug.
27, on the future size and force mix of all Army components - one of five research.