When the Europeans began their settlement of the New World, it was both complicated and aided by its indigenous inhabitants. The native people alternately became allies and enemies of the newly arrived settlers from Europe.
This week in our series, we tell the story of a clash of cultures and beliefs. We look at the early history of relations between European settlers in North America and the native groups that had lived there for thousands of years before their arrival.
The settlers arrived on the east coast of North America. Along the east coast there were many different Indian tribes. They spoke many different languages.
Some raised crops, some were hunters. Some were often at war, others were peaceful.
Many of these tribes still exist -- Indian nations like the Seneca, the Mohawk, the Seminole and the Cherokee. Indian tribes shared a highly developed system of trade. They traded goods over a wide area.
The first recorded meetings between Europeans and the Indians of the East Coast took place in the fifteen hundreds. They hunted for whales along the east coast of North America. They set up camps and often traded with the local Indians. The Europeans often paid Indians to work for them.
Both groups found this relationship to be successful. On several occasions, different groups of fishermen tried to establish a permanent settlement on the coast. The severe winters, however, made it impossible, so the camps were only temporary. The first permanent European settlers in New England began arriving in sixteen twenty.
They wanted to live in peace with the Indians. They needed to trade with them for food. The settlers also knew that because they were so few in number, a battle with the Indians would result in their own quick defeat.
Yet problems began almost immediately. Perhaps the most serious was the difference in the way that the Indians and the Europeans thought about land. This difference created problems that would not be solved during the next several hundred years. Owning land was extremely important to the European settlers.
In England, and most other countries, land meant wealth. Owning large amounts of land meant that a person had great wealth and political power. Many of the settlers who came to North America could never have owned land back home in Europe.
They were too poor. And they belonged to religious minorities. When they arrived in the new world, they discovered that no one seemed to own the huge amounts of land. Companies in England needed to find people willing to settle in North America. So they offered land to anyone who would take the chance of crossing the Atlantic.
For many, it was a dream come true. It was a way to improve their lives. The land gave the European settlers a chance to become wealthy and powerful. On the other hand, the Indians believed that no one could own land. They believed, however, that anyone could use it.
Anyone who wanted to live on a piece of land and grow crops could do so. The American Indians lived with nature. They understood the land and the environment.
They did not try to change it. They might grow crops in an area for a few years. Then they would move on. They would allow the land on which they had farmed to become wild again.Oct 31, · For the most part, English settlers saw the Natives as ignorant webkandii.comisticated, backward..
heres an example for you "English colonists settled Jamestown in The friendly chief Powhatan ruled the confederated tribes in the webkandii.com: Resolved. The Indians living in the area where Jamestown was settled must have had mixed feelings about the arrival of the English in One of their first reactions was hostility based on their previous experience with Spanish explorers along their coastline.
Native North Americans. Susquehannock Warrior from a map of Virginia This lesson examines what happened between early English settlers and Native Americans in North America. together with new arrivals, began to cultivate the land, growing tobacco.
As more settlers arrived, more Native American hunting grounds were taken, and the. With the coming of the settlers came diseases, leading to the deaths of many Native Americans.
Some of these diseases include smallpox and measles. Bibliography "War Between The Settlers and The Native American Indians." War Between The Settlers and The Native American Indians. N.p., n.d. Web.
Interactions between Native Americans and European Settlers When English settlers arrived, Native Americans still regarded the islands as their home and remained there until Euro-American settlers started encroaching on their land.
In the earliest days of New World settlement, relations between the natives and the newcomers were friendly. Native American culture valued trade as a means of binding two tribes and increasing general cooperation, so the tribes provided food, clothing, and shelter for the dependent settlers in exchange for metal tools like knives and hatchets.