However, we do not have to restrict ourselves to arcane scholarly debates in order to analyze the ritual aspects of conflict transformationas they can also be discussed from a practical and intuitive perspective. For this discussion we shall concentrate on two areas, post-conflict reconstruction and conflict mediation loosely defined here as third-party interventions to mitigate a dispute between two or more persons or groups.
The Vedic religion had reached great complexity and sophistication by the sixth century B. Its central element both practically and theologically was the Vedic sacrifice. By this time it had become extremely intricate and expensive, requiring an array of ritual specialists.
The development of the Vedic sacrificial theology paralleled that of the sacrifice; finding ever-new meanings and cosmic significances in ritual acts, this theology created both a cosmology and soteriology centered on the sacrifice.
The Vedic sacrificial theology was based on two significant claims. First, creation itself resulted from the sacrifice.
Second, gods themselves attained immortality through the sacrifice, setting an example for humans to follow. The obligation to imitate the gods by performing sacrifices is grounded also in a practical concern: Brahmanical theology, however, gives that obligation also a cosmic dimension.
As the cosmos first emerged from the sacrifice, so it must continually recreated and renewed through the sacrifice if it is not to lapse into chaos and death. The individual and social obligation to perform sacrifices was thereby doubly reinforced. Next to sacrifice is the obligation to get married and procreate children especially a son is central to Brahmanical theology, which regards the family — father, mother, and son — as the only complete person.
The family line continues in the son despite the death of the father. In a very significant way, therefore, the family is what guarantees human immortality. The theologies of sacrifice and marriage thus complement and support each other.
A significant aspect of this world is that the human individual is not given any conceptual reality within it.
Rituals and Conflict Transformation: An Anthropological Analysis of the Ceremonial Dimensions of Dispute Processing. The Inner Conflict of Tradition: Essays in Indian Ritual, Kinship, and Society (Essays in Indian Ritual, Kingship, and Society) by J. C. Heesterman () Paperback – byAuthor: J. C. Heesterman. The Inner Conflict of Tradition: Essays in Indian Ritual, Kinship, and Society (Essays in Indian Ritual, Kingship, and Society) by J. C. Heesterman () Paperback – by.
The Brahmanical system of ethics works almost exclusively at the level of social groups, and individuals become real only as members of such groups. The factors that contributed to the discovery of the individual as a central concept in religious and social thought both within and outside the institution of world renunciation, however, were the emergence of kingship and urban culture.
Cities and courts of kings, attracted nobles, priests, philosophers, and leaders of religious sects. The breakdown of the strict family and kinship networks that urban life entailed and the resultant freedom for individual initiatives clearly encouraged both ideological and practical challenges to traditional Brahmanism.
The new religious ideology — an individualist ideology where the situation after death as well as final liberation are determined by what an individual does and knows and not by intermediaries — and the increasingly widespread ascetic lifestyles fostered by urbanization stood in sharp contrast to the Vedic religious world centered around the householder and his duties of sacrifice and procreation.
What is significant, moreover, is that the challenges to the Vedic world came not just from those outside the Brahmanical tradition, such as the Buddha, but also from people who chose to remain within that tradition. Brahmins themselves were becoming urbanized, sharing the common concerns of the rest of the increasingly urban population.
This process of compromise and assimilation is initiated solely by the custodians of the established world. The example of the ascetic world in ancient India demonstrates that it was indeed a two-way street; the champions of the new world, especially when it has become institutionalized, also seek acceptability, allegiance, and power through compromise and assimilation at both institutional and ideological levels.
Spread the knowledge Indo Magic App for Android Browse through our store while offline Get the latest news from our blog Connect with us on social media and stay up to date Compatible with all Android devices Tags.The Inner Conflict of Tradition: Essays in Indian Ritual, Kinship, and Society.
Heesterman. Essays in Indian Ritual, Kinship, and Society A Chicago original paperback Essays in Indian Ritual, Kings Essays in Indian Ritual, Kingship, and Society South Asian studies: Author. Indian Society and Ways of Living. especially in systems of kinship and marriage.
Indian society is multifaceted to an extent perhaps unknown in any other of the world’s great civilizations—it is more like an area as varied as Europe than any other single nation-state.
Adding further variety to contemporary Indian culture are rapidly.
Essay on Tribal Family and Kinship in India. Article shared by Children learn about their customs, traditions, taboos, art, music and dancing from the family.
The most profound impact of kinship ties on the social life may be felt through kinship usages found in every society.
Kinship usage’s among the tribes of India present very.
“Renunciation and Society: The Inner Conflict of Tradition” The inner conflict of tradition is a reference to the conflict between societal and renunciatory values and ideas that one in form or other persists throughout the tradition.
The Inner Conflict of Tradition: Essays in Indian Ritual, Kinship, and Society (Essays in Indian Ritual, Kingship, and Society) by J. C. Heesterman () Paperback – Format: Paperback. Culture Comparisons Between the!Kung Culture and the Indian Culture Words | 4 Pages Family, Marriage and Kinship ties of Indian culture specifically of the .