Constitutional framework The House of Representatives shares equal responsibility for lawmaking with the U. As conceived by the framers of the Constitution, the House was to represent the popular will, and its members were to be directly elected by the people. In contrast, members of the Senate were appointed by the states until the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendmentwhich mandated the direct election of senators.
Play media Overview of the United States legislative process, as explained by the Library of Congress Inthis committee of representatives prosecuted president Andrew Johnson in his impeachment trial, but the Senate did not convict him. However, the Constitution grants each chamber some unique powers.
The Senate ratifies treaties and approves presidential appointments while the House initiates revenue-raising bills. The House initiates impeachment cases, while the Senate decides impeachment cases.
A Congress covers two years; the current one, the th Congressbegan on January 3,and will end on January 3, The Congress starts and ends on the third day of January of every odd-numbered year.
Members of the Senate are referred to as senators; members of the House of Representatives are referred to as representatives, congresswomen, or congressmen. Scholar and representative Lee H.
Hamilton asserted that the "historic mission of Congress has been to maintain freedom" and insisted it was a "driving force in American government"  and a "remarkably resilient institution". Congress reflects us in all our strengths and all our weaknesses. It reflects our regional idiosyncrasies, our ethnic, religious, and racial diversity, our multitude of professions, and our shadings of opinion on everything from the value of war to the war over values.
Congress is the government's most representative body Congress is essentially charged with reconciling our many points of view on the great public policy issues of the day.
Most incumbents seek re-election, and their historical likelihood of winning subsequent elections exceeds 90 percent. The Articles of Confederation in created the Congress of the Confederationa unicameral body with equal representation among the states in which each state had a veto over most decisions.
Congress had executive but not legislative authority, and the federal judiciary was confined to admiralty.
Government powerlessness led to the Convention of which proposed a revised constitution with a two—chamber or bicameral congress. Zelizer suggested there were four main congressional eras, with considerable overlap, and included the formative era s—sthe partisan era s—sthe committee era s—sand the contemporary era s—today.
With the passage of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, the Anti-Federalist movement was exhausted. Thomas Jefferson's election to the presidency marked a peaceful transition of power between the parties in John Marshall, 4th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court empowered the courts by establishing the principle of judicial review in law in the landmark case Marbury v.
Madison ineffectively giving the Supreme Court a power to nullify congressional legislation. The watershed event was the Civil War which resolved the slavery issue and unified the nation under federal authority, but weakened the power of states rights.
The Gilded Age — was marked by Republican dominance of Congress. During this time, lobbying activity became more intense, particularly during the administration of President Ulysses S.
Grant in which influential lobbies advocated for railroad subsidies and tariffs on wool. The Progressive Era was characterized by strong party leadership in both houses of Congress as well as calls for reform; sometimes reformers would attack lobbyists as corrupting politics.
The Senate was effectively controlled by a half dozen men. Committee chairmen remained influential in both houses until the reforms of the s.The congress is the legislation department of the United States Government. It it is bicameral and is comprised of two chambers, the senate and the house of representatives (English, ).
The first Article of the constitution sculpts the vital roles of Congress. - The Constitution of the United States The United States Constitution is the law of the United States.
It is the foundation of this country and the most important document in its history. It provides the guidelines for the government and citizens of the United States. Outsourcing and the US Economy Essay Words | 10 Pages.
economic debate in the United States. An Associated Press-Ipsos poll in May , found that 69 per cent of Americans thought that outsourcing hurts the US economy while only 17 per cent thought it helped.
Essay about Role of the United States Constitution Role of the United States Constitution The role of the constitution plays an important part of the everyday life in the United States.
It is a part of every person’s life even if they do not realize it. The congress is the legislation department of the United States Government. It it is bicameral and is comprised of two chambers, the senate and the house of representatives (English, ). The first Article of the constitution sculpts the vital roles of Congress.
Congress The Congress is perhaps America’s most important political body.
It plays a major role in the passage of laws and the changing of political policies. It plays a major role in the passage of laws and the changing of political policies.