According to Watson, caring is central to nursing practice, and promotes health better than a simple medical cure.
Jean Watson refers to the human being as "a valued person in and of him or herself to be cared for, respected, nurtured, understood and assisted; in general a philosophical view of a person as a fully functional integrated self.
Human is viewed as greater than and different from the sum of his or her parts.
The nursing model states that nursing is concerned with promoting health, preventing illness, caring for the sick, and restoring health. It focuses on health promotion, as well as the treatment of diseases. Watson believed that holistic health care is central to the practice of caring in nursing.
She defines nursing as "a human science of persons and human health-illness experiences that are mediated by professional, personal, scientific, esthetic and ethical human transactions. The assessment includes observation, identification, and review of the problem, as well as the formation of a hypothesis.
Creating a care plan helps the nurse determine how variables would be examined or measured, and what data would be collected. Intervention is the implementation of the care plan and data collection. Finally, the evaluation analyzes the data, interprets the results, and may lead to an additional hypothesis.
Watson's model makes seven assumptions: Caring can be effectively demonstrated and practiced only interpersonally. Caring consists of carative factors that result in the satisfaction of certain human needs. Effective caring promotes health and individual or family growth. Caring responses accept the patient as he or she is now, as well as what he or she may become.
A caring environment is one that offers the development of potential while allowing the patient to choose the best action for him or herself at a given point in time. A science of caring is complementary to the science of curing. The practice of caring is central to nursing.
The first three carative factors are the "philosophical foundation" for the science of caring, while the remaining seven derive from that foundation. The ten primary carative factors are: The formation of a humanistic-altruistic system of values, which begins at an early age with the values shared by parents.
The system of values is mediated by the nurse's life experiences, learning gained, and exposure to the humanities. It is perceived as necessary to the nurse's maturation which in turn promotes altruistic behavior toward others. The installation of faith-hope, which is essential to the carative and curative processes.
When modern science has nothing else to offer a patient, a nurse can continue to use faith-hope to provide a sense of well-being through a belief system meaningful to the individual. The cultivation of sensitivity to one's self and to others, which explores the need of nurses to feel an emotion as it presents itself.
The development of a nurse's own feeling is needed to interact genuinely and sensitively with patients. By striving to become more sensitive, the nurse is more authentic.
This encourages self-growth and self-actualization in both the nurse and the patients who interact with the nurse.
The nurses promote health and higher-level functioning only when they form person-to-person relationships. The development of a helping-trust relationship, which includes congruence, empathy, and warmth.
The strongest tool a nurse has is his or her mode of communication, which establishes a rapport with the patient, as well as caring by the nurse.
Communication includes verbal and nonverbal communication, as well as listening that connotes empathetic understanding. The promotion and acceptance of the expression of both positive and negative feelings, which need to be considered and allowed for in a caring relationship because of how feelings alter thoughts and behavior.
The awareness of the feelings helps the nurse and patient understand the behavior it causes. The systematic use of the scientific method for problem-solving and decision-making, which allows for control and prediction, and permits self-correction.Watson’s main concepts include the 10 carative factors (see box below or Table ), and transpersonal healing and transpersonal caring relationship, caring moment, caring occasion, caring healing modalities, caring consciousness, caring consciousness .
Introduction. Essentially, the Caring theory of Jean Watson is oriented towards human science and focuses on the humanitarian aspect of caring processes, occurrences and experiences.
Both Watson’s Caring Theory and AHH’s “Veritas Caritas” Nursing Theory view nursing as a science and an art. Under these theories, caring is the essence of nursing. Under these theories, caring is the essence of nursing. Introduction.
Essentially, the Caring theory of Jean Watson is oriented towards human science and focuses on the humanitarian aspect . Watson theory has four major concepts: human being (parenthood health. Environment/collect, and nursing. According to Watson, the three major elements of her theory are the creative factors, the transposable caring relationship, and the caring occasion/caring moment.
The Philosophy and Science of Caring addresses how nurses express care to their patients. Caring is central to nursing practice, and promotes health better than a simple medical cure. Watson believes that a holistic approach to health care is central to the practice of caring in nursing.